The workers of this species are about a cm in size and an unusual matt black color. They have two long ‘thorns’ at the back of their thorax which helps protect them from predators such as lizards and birds.
They create their nests in trees. The queens start their own colony - usually between two overlapping leaves, than as the colony increases in size they will create a carton type nest, constructed with chewed up bark and pieces of plant debris. These mature nests can be the size of a football and are usually found attached to the side of trees or inside hollow logs.
Colonies can have multiple queens and mature colonies will have about a thousand workers.
The queens are just slightly larger than the workers, and found colonies independently. They will leave their foundation chamber to forage.
They feed on dead insects and secretions of sap sucking insects.
Due to their arboreal habit ‘artificial habitats’ should be landscaped with small branches and their nest can be suspended on a strong rigid plant.
An easy species to keep - which is a good size and unusual color.